Research Reports

1. Informal Credit in a Liberalized Financial Market: A Study of Women Association in Imo State by Dr. Chinedum Nwajiuba. September, 2000.
This study analyzed unregistered informal women associations in Imo State, Nigeria. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions. The result of the study showed that informal associations thrived in the era of liberalized financial markets. Although the associations’ savings and volume of credit lent to borrowers was on the increase, the volume of credit obtained by borrowers was inadequate relative to their needs. The associations had limitations in investment provision. This was because their main sources of funds were savings and contributions by members, hence, the small amount of money lent to borrowers. The women utilized credit mostly on agricultural activities such as crop and livestock production, and some non-agricultural activities like soap making, food processing and petty trading….

2. Livelihood Survival Strategies for Poverty Alleviation of State Civil Servants in Nigeria: A Study of Enugu and Lagos States, by Dr. (Mrs.) Ifeoma S. Madueme. September, 2001
Life is highly insecure for many people in developing countries; whether they are smallholder farmers relying on rain fed irrigated agriculture, or urban based workers or the informal sector. This is because the basic needs for food, clean water, shelter and clothing often go unfulfilled (AVISCO, 2000). This study examines informal social organizations used by civil servants as a survival strategy to complement their meager income. The study evaluates the economic role of informal organizations and networks. Data were collected using both qualitative and quantitative methods from civil servants in ministries of health, education and works in Enugu and Lagos States of Nigeria. 640 and 700 respondents were randomly sampled in Enugu and Lagos States respectively. The study observed three distinct characteristics within informal groups. Some were formed to obtain access to state poverty alleviation funds; others were formed to alleviate poverty among members through group solidarity and there are those formed with members of same vocation as a protection against state harassment….

3. Informalization and Occupational Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of the Nigeria Automobile Technicians Association (NATA), October 2001. By Gbenga Komolafe
The informal economy in Nigeria has become a significant economic category employing an estimated 85% of the Nigerian working populace (I.L.O., 1995). The informal economy has variegated and diverse forms of economic activity; from petty manufacturing and trading to various forms of artisanship. Millions of people from different social, cultural, political, economic, ethnic and cultural backgrounds are active in the informal economy. The study examined the possibilities of transforming the informal economy as an integral part of the private sector into an organized and respected partner in development. What is the capacity of the informal economy for sustainable development and what methods of social mobilization could be adopted involving the formal sector in the process of social transformation and rapid economic development? Using the Nigeria Automobile Technicians Association (NATA), the study provides answers to the questions raised above.

4. Household livelihood Strategies in Sokoto State of Nigeria: The Role of Informal Women’s Savings Organizations. By Baba, K.M. and Umaru, B.F.
The study investigated the types of household responsibilities borne by women; the livelihood strategies they adopt and the role of informal savings organizations and social networks in these strategies. Data were collected from leaders of savings associations and from focus groups. The results show that the purdah (secluded) women largely bought their own cosmetics, jewels as well as room furniture and decorations, and many assisted their men in buying food items and clothing. The results show that these responsibilities have greatly increased under structural adjustment and this has had some negative consequences for household stability. To meet the responsibilities, women engaged in several economies activities; the most important of which were handcrafts, processing and selling food. Incomes from these activities were generally low. Women also attempted to mobilize group savings by joining such organizations as adashi (rotating savings groups), adashin kati (traditional deposit saving) and ajo (disaster/ceremonial relief group), but adashi was the most popular….

5. Occupation-Based Associations and the Informalisation Process in Grassroots Urban Economies: A Study of the Role and Limitations of Artisan and Trader Associations in Delta State, September 2011. By Eboh, E.C.
In Nigeria, like in other developing economies, the informal sector is credited with the important role of providing employment, income and livelihoods for an increasing number and widening diversity of rural and urban people. The study critically examine the status, features and performance of artisan and traders associations in Delta State, their underlying push-and-pull forces and confounding influences….

6. Security Challenges and the Business Environment in Kano, April 2012
Peace and security of life and property has been recognized by scholars and citizens as the primary condition for progress and development of any society. The security challenges in the northern part of Nigeria have had adverse effects on the economy of the country. In Kano, the January 20, 2012 bomb explosions and other subsequent attacks have led to a decline in business activities in the city. The study examines the effects of the security challenges on businesses in Kano. Data were collected from business organizations and individuals across the various sectors of the economy….

Other Research Reports
Hashim, Y., and Meagher, K., 1999, Cross Border Trade and Parallel currency Market-Trade and Finance in the Context of Structural Adjustment : A Case Study from Kano, Nigeria ( Uppsala: Nordiska Afrika Institut, Research report No. 113).

Ibrahim, J., 1999, Social Provisioning in Nigeria: The Maguzawa and Hausa Christians in Kano State of Nigeria.

Yoroms, G. J., Regional Conflict and Confidence Building Measures in ECOWAS: The Liberian Civil War and the Problems of Political Instability in West Africa

Sa’ad, A., 1998, Law and Justice Among Gwoza Hill Dwellers in Nigeria: An Assessment of the Viability of Informal Justice for Good Governance and Democracy in Nigeria.

Olaniyi, R.O., 2005, Damina Graduants Theses Abstracts and Workshop Reports, 1997-2004.

Andrae, G., 2002, “Relations and Politics of Water Provisioning in A Marginal Community in Kano”

Zaharadeen, A. U., 2002, “Leadership Qualities for Effective Organisational Performance”

Olojede, I., Women Interest Organisation: Encounters With the State on Issues of Good Governance

Shettima, A.G., Voices Down the Dammed River: Study of the Jere Bowl Farmers in Borno State

Okeibunor, J. C., NGOs’ Capacity Building Strategies and Efforts in Nigeria: A Study of the Potentials and Constraints

Osinem, E. C. and Salawu I. A., Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF) State Regulation, Control and Accountability

Khalid, S., Social Provisioning and Religious NGOs: A Case Study of Sokoto, Kebbi, Zamfara and Borno States of Nigeria

Meagher, K., Informal Small-Scale Manufacturing and Civil Society in SOUTH-Eastern Nigeria

Oluokun, A., State Repression, Crisis of Democratisation and the Underground Press in Nigeria: A Study of Three Encounters

Mamman, J. A., Social Clubs, Social Struggles and Their Interaction With the State: The Case of Bajinta, Bayajidda and Tawakaltu Social, Cultural and Dramatic Club.

Muazzam I., (ed.), Citizenship Rights and Democratisation Process in Nigeria (Damina School 2003 Proceedings).

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